Breast cancer is an extremely dangerous disease for women around the world and is increasingly young. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the proportion of people with breast cancer in the world is increasing, especially in developing countries. In so many countries, breast cancer ranks first in the incidence rate in the mortality rate of women. Therefore, the recognition of the early signs of the disease will be extremely necessary for women.
Pain at breast & chest
Whether it’s mild pain, soreness or discomfort in the chest area are all negative, breast health warning signs, possibly linked to breast cancer.
Signs: A person who survives complete treatment for breast cancer describes that the pain is so intense that it comes and goes unexpectedly. Others refer to it as a sensation of a slight electric aura going from the left to the right chest.
Causes: Tumors have many different sizes, can be single lumps, or tumors scattered behind the nipple or in one of the ducts. All of them push up the breast tissue, causing pain, swelling and discomfort in the chest.
Treatment: A hormonal change during menstruation or a bra with the wrong size can also make your breasts uncomfortable. However, in case the pain does not stop but lasts, absolutely do not be subjective. Instead, quickly seek advice from your doctor.
2)Itching in the chest
This symptom, mainly associated with inflammatory breast cancer, is often ignored. Some women see a doctor and are prescribed some topical drugs by their doctor, but in fact they have breast cancer.
Signs: Extremely itchy – the type of itch that makes you feel uncomfortable and keeps scratching. Applying creams or ointments also won’t relieve the itching sensation. Your breasts may also be irritated or a red, bumpy skin rash.
Causes: Cancer cells grow rapidly, blocking blood vessels and lymphatic vessels in the skin, causing fluid to accumulate in and under the skin, irritating the skin.
Treatment: If the skin of your breasts becomes weird, get it checked out right away. If your doctor diagnoses it as a skin disease or infection and prescribes a prescription for you, ask to be checked again if your symptoms do not go away.
3)Back, shoulder, and nape pain
In some women with breast cancer, they feel pain in the back or shoulders, not the breasts or breasts. For this reason, chiropractors often look for the presence of a tumor when treating chronic back pain.
Signs: The pain usually occurs in the upper back or between the shoulders, easily confused with ligament injury, osteoarthritis of the spine. The sick person will feel pain or soreness.
Causes: Most breast lumps develop in the mammary glandular tissue, extending deep into the chest, near the chest wall. If the growth tumor pushes backwards towards the ribs and spine, the patient will experience pain in the back, not the chest. The first place breast cancer has spread in the bones is the spine, or rib, that develops into secondary bone cancer.
Treatment: According to one study, the survival rate for breast cancer patients whose cancer has spread to the bone is only 8.3%, compared with the overall survival rate of 75%. So you should pay special attention to back pain. If the pain has not stopped after a period of rest and physical therapy, you need to notify your doctor, or bone scan may be ordered.
4)Change breast shape and size
The size of your breasts may change in case you are pregnant or in your monthly period. However, if abnormal breast swelling occurs, this is most likely one of the warning signs of cancer.
Signs: Many women do not feel the tumor as usual, but find that their breasts are larger, lower flowing, with an unusual shape. You can see it with your own eyes.
Causes: Growth of tissue deep in the breast or being covered in dense breast tissue can change the shape or size of the breast. It makes it more difficult to detect breast cancer, so if you have thick breast tissue, be alert for these signs.
Treatment: Sit in front of a mirror and look at both sides of your chest and lift your breasts with your hands, then bring your breasts to the sides and look carefully from each side. If there is a difference in size or shape that you haven’t noticed before, see your doctor and report it.
5)Abnormal change in the nipple
One of the most common places a lump will appear is under the nipple.
Signs: If you notice that your nipples are flat and inward, be careful because this is also an early sign of breast cancer. In addition, you can also recognize signs of disease through the fluid secreted from the “nipple” without any outside influence. Not only that, the nipple skin may become rough, scaly, or inflamed.
Causes: In many cases, a breast lump develops in the milk ducts or the part just below and around the nipple, affecting the appearance of the nipple, causing pain or leading to discharge.
Treatment: Since you know your nipples best, pay attention to any changes and discuss them with your doctor. Mastitis is a general conclusion that doctors diagnose after seeing a nipple change, in which case, you will be prescribed an antibiotic. If the symptoms do not go away within ten days, go back to the hospital and ask for more assessment.
6)Swollen or lumpy, lymph nodes in the armpit
Lymph nodes or lumps are the most common sign of breast cancer, but they are not unique to the “twin mountain” regions.
Signs: Tumors may appear under the armpit or clavicle area, so if you notice unusual swelling or lumps in these areas, you should seek immediate medical attention.
Causes: Lymph nodes in the armpits are the places where breast cancer has spread first through the lymph fluid released from the breast. Most of the mammary glands drain into the armpits, causing the axillary lymph nodes to swell. In a small number of patients, the doctor may even take a swollen axillary lymph node as the first symptom of breast cancer for diagnosis.
Remedies: Colds, flu, and infections can also cause swollen lymph nodes, so if you get sick or have an infection there’s no need to worry. But if the swollen lymph nodes are under the arm and persist for 1 week with no apparent cause, then you need to see your doctor right away.
7)Red & swollen breasts
Signs: It can be said, this is one of the most recognizable signs of the disease. The chest area can be reddened from an allergic reaction to things like the detergent or bra you use too tight, but a rash or red streak that develops from cancer is often accompanied by swelling, pain, and itching.
Causes: Breast tumors push into tissue, causing the breasts to become swollen, painful and red.
Treatment: Once breast cancer has spread beyond the breast (stage IV), the average survival rate is less than four years. So it is extremely important to detect breast cancer as early as possible.
Hopefully, based on the above signs that Toplist.vn shares, you should remember clearly that no one understands your body as much as you do. No one will detect even the smallest changes in your breasts like you do. You should understand your body, your mammary gland. “Breast self-examination” is something you need to do regularly to prevent undesirable things in a timely manner.